Thursday, 20 April 2017

Preparing for the 'Certificación' Exams


Soon you'll be taking that B2 certificate exam... As far as writing is concerned, and for  your convinience, I strongly recommend you to 

Sunday, 16 April 2017

DISCURSIVE ESSAYS

 Hello, 
these days we 'll be looking at the different types of discursive essay

First have a look at this for/against essay

Now look at this brief explanation by Julia Martínez

Friday, 24 March 2017

Learn more about Alternative Medicines

What Are the Benefits of Alternative Medicines?

By Amber Keefer

 

Amber Keefer has more than 25 years of experience working in the fields of human services and health care administration. Writing professionally since 1997, she has written articles covering business and finance, health, fitness, parenting and senior living issues for both print and online publications. Keefer holds a B.A. from Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania and an M.B.A. in health care management from Baker College.
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       According to Johns Hopkins University, more than 40 percent of Americans report using alternative medicine therapies for pain control when prescribed medications prove to be ineffective. Alternative medicine offers an integrated approach to healing and may include interventions such as herbal remedies, reflexology, chiropractic, nutritional supplements, massage therapy and acupuncture. With more medical professionals beginning to suggest the use of alternative therapies in combination with conventional medical treatments, many more studies are underway to examine both the usefulness and safety of these nonstandard treatments.

Pain

Many people turn to alternative medicine therapies for pain relief when traditional treatments fail to work. Alternative medicine also offers treatment options to individuals who do not have access to pain clinics under their health insurance plans. A study conducted by researchers at the University of Michigan Health System found that older individuals, who are more likely to suffer chronic pain conditions, use alternative therapies more frequently. Results of the study are published in the January 2010 issue of the journal Pain Medicine. The study takes a look at the increasing use of alternative treatment modalities as a way to manage chronic pain.

Cancer

Alternative medicine therapies used together with conventional medical treatments can alleviate some of the symptoms of cancer, as well as lessen the negative side effects of conventional medical treatments. Chemotherapy, although effective in increasing the survival rate of many cancer patients, can produce unpleasant side effects. Some cancer patients are able to tolerate chemotherapy treatments better when using an alternative treatment such as acupuncture to control side effects like fatigue, headache, nausea, vomiting, night sweats and aching.
Cost

Alternative medicine therapies can be less expensive than conventional medical treatments. Although some alternative therapies are not cheap, many herbal remedies and other natural treatments still cost less than prescription medications and treatments. Acupuncture and chiropractic sessions can cost significantly less than conventional pain therapy treatments.

Side Effects

In most cases, effective alternative therapies have fewer or no side effects as opposed to the frequent and sometimes severe effects of many prescription medications and other conventional medical treatments. But depending on what medical conditions a person might have, even natural remedies and other alternative therapies can sometimes cause adverse side effects. Not all natural remedies have been scientifically tested, nor does the FDA regulate them. Treatment modalities such as therapeutic massage and acupuncture are generally considered to be safe, but always talk to your doctor before using any alternative medicine therapies.

Mental Health

Alternative medicine can be beneficial to a person’s overall well- being, as the approach focuses on healing the mind, body and spirit. Treatment methods such as massage therapy, biofeedback, meditation and visual imagery help a person to relax and reduce stress. Art and music therapies are used to relieve symptoms of depression and schizophrenia by stimulating the natural release of endorphins and opiates in the body, in addition to helping individuals let go of deeply repressed emotions. The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration points out that other alternative approaches to mental health, such as diet and nutrition, animal-assisted therapies and self-help groups can be valuable resources for improving mental health.

Now watch this video and answer the questions below:





1. According to Kelly McCann, what is ‘integrative medicine’?


2. What is the ideal way to practice integrative medicine? 


3. What are the benefits of integrative medicine?  


4.What does she say a) or b))
          a.  “ The patient has an innate ability to heal.”    b. “ The patient needs to learn how to heal.”


     5  What types of patients use integrative medicine?

     6 What does she say about the future of medicine?


ANSWERS IN CLASS!

Monday, 6 March 2017

A visit to the Museum

"You use a glass mirror to see your face, you use works of art to see your soul."
(George Bernard Shaw)
Congratulations to all the students who took part today in the project "Museum Visit".

You did the job of outstanding guides for the works of art of those artists whose exhibitions are permanent in the museun Casa Gourié.



Thanks also to the museum staff for letting us do the activity there.




Santiago Santana Díaz

Santiago Santana Díaz was born in 1909 in Arucas, although he moved from an early age to Moya. In 1923, he received his first scholarship and he studied in Madrid. He travelled to Paris in 1932 with another scholarship from the Cabildo where he attended the Free Academy. There he receives influence from the works of Modigliani and Cezanne. In 1933 he studied at the Círculo de Bellas Artes in Barcelona where he receives classes of sculpture and ceramics and eventually exhibits in the gallery Syra ( Barcelona). He also exhibits in the Balearics and in Madrid where he shows the landscapes and flora of Gran Canaria. After that period, he returns to this island and becomes director of the School Luján Pérez where he would work for thirteen years.

Santana  is usually defined as a multifaceted genius (urbanist, draftsman, painter, ceramist, sculptor and cultural advisor). He mixes classicism (and its harmony) with  modernity , represented in the ‘indigenista’ character influenced in its passage by the School of Luján Pérez. As a faithful indigenist painter, he translates his interest in popular culture into architecture. For this reason, he chooses those simple buildings that do not clash with the landscape, using materials of the place for his works of art (sand, clay…)
In 1948, Santana intervened, among other works, in the refurbishment  of the House of Columbus , mainly carving the facades overlooking  Calle Herrería and  Plaza del Pilar Nuevo in Las Palmas, as well as El Pueblo Canario. In Arucas he acted in the remodelling of Casa de la Cultura, helped by the labeler (labrante) Pedro Pérez Viera. He also worked in the design of the square and church of San Andrés, as well as in some paintings inside the church.

A faithful example of Santiago Santana's pictorial work is in the hall of the municipal museum that bears his name. From the pictorial collection we will highlight the work entitled "Escorzo de mujer" or " Mujer Tumbada ". It uses the so-called mixed technique, which means the use of various techniques: oil, almagre, earth .... As we contemplate this canvas, we admire the careful stylization of the drawing of bodies, barely veiled by simple tunics; the delicacy of color, almost always based on white, gray, blue and pink ranges; the balance of the composition, not subjected to stress, naturally assembled all its elements. Nothing tragic seems to be in this harmonious and flowing world.

With this work, Santana demonstrates his love for the popular, creating an insular Indian painting, and  showing his preference especially for the Canary woman. The clear and vital colors, together with the full and compact forms, present a woman of humble and hardworking condition (peasants, fishermen, washerwomen) often solitary . He likes to  draw /paint these women with big hands and feet,  which involves their work and effort. Santana was a singer of the southern woman, with thick lips and broad cheekbones, who alone faces the work of the field and the care of the children.
(Alberto; Fabiola)


Guillermo Sureda Arbelo

Sureda was born in Arucas in 1912 and he moved with his family  to Santa Cruz de Tenerife at the age of 14. There  he studied at the School of Arts and Crafts. Since his childhood, Sureda demonstrated a great ability to perceive and feel, that manifested itself, professionally, in a great skill for the drawing and for the music, arts that  he initially discovered in an autodidact way. This quality along with his sociable character, the search for perfection and detail, as well as that interest in everything around him, especially for the stories of the people, was reflected in his paintings.
Guillermo Sureda has excelled in the field of painting for the use of watercolor, managing to perfect this technique to the point of being recognized internationally. Perhaps the choice of this technique was due to its spontaneous nature, its sensitivity together with the somewhat impulsive desire for the work to take place.
Sureda's extraordinary manual dexterity coupled with his capturing ability has always allowed him a speed, almost without limit, to execute a landscape. On many occasions, he dropped  the drawing and attacked them directly with the colours. The brushstroke is therefore loose, quick, lively, simple, full of colour and light. With the watercolour, he manages to reflect with total mastery the transparent effects of the water and its reflections, as well as the luminosity of the landscapes.
His bohemian life led him to represent countless landscapes and urban scenes from different places, like London, Venezuela, Puerto Rico or  the Caribbean and of course,  his homeland. Hence, it is said that he was a man of two worlds: the Old World and America, especially of Puerto Rico, defining himself as the pictorial singer of San Juan, its capital.
 However, he also stands out for the strength of his portraits, generally, of anonymous people. This choice leads him to represent, with care and dedication, the humble and sincere expression of his models, their typical clothes and their customs.

(Andrea, Héctor)



Manolo Ramos González
Full name: Manuel Esteban de los Reyes Ramos González . He is one of the Spanish sculptors of all time. His timid personality, calm and confident, led him not to sign many of his works, conforming to the client's knowledge. He was very critical of his own production so, on many occasions, he destroyed his sculptures or drawings.
 Ramos was born in Arucas in 1899. From  1921 to 1925  he studied  in San Fernando school and some times worked in Miguel Blay’s workshop as his pupil. Later he lived for some time in Paris where he sold his works in the streets. After that, he travelled to London where he left a few busts, two of them in Lord Carlaysle’s collection. He comes back at the time of the Civil War.  EL Cristo Yacente belongs to this period. This breathtaking sculpture  we find in Arucas church. It  is made of  wood and stands out for the treatment of the nude and the expressive  power of the head. It shows on the whole the great knowledge Ramos had of the human body.
The way  Manolo Ramos carves his sculptures  is, above all, figurative. He always looks for the motives in which you can unleash the violent movements and positions of the human body . He  cultivated with equal profusion the subjects of religious and profane character. Within the profane subjects portraits, nudes, and, to a lesser extent, racial subjects, children, maternities and animals abound.
Manolo Ramos basically worked the wood, especially the noble one, like the barbarian, the cedar, the mahogany or the ebony. But he  also carved the stone and sometimes used the bronze.
In the room there are interesting drawings made with coal where he carefully studies the forms of the human body and the expressions of the faces. Of great expressive force is the theme Canary peasants where he reflects the principles of the Canary indigenismo in every detail: the hardness of their faces by the work and the suffering, the clothes, etc., but within a great harmony and serenity. That is to say, Manolo Ramos reflects the social concern, not based on an exaltation of the worker, but of a certain denunciation, putting itself face to face with the harsh reality of the disinherited, but with a bitter tint, almost leaving no chink for a solution.. .

(Elena,, Ruth, Víctor)

Abraham Cárdenes and his students
He was born in Tejeda and he entered the Luján Pérez School. He founded the Municipal Academies of Fine Arts of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (1942-1971), playing the role of director.

Boys and girls of different ages and social and cultural conditions gathered around him so as to learn from his work. It was a public with a common interest:  the illusion and the fascinating attraction of Abraham Cárdenes, who had an absorbing personality and leonine head.
He was always cheerful, affable and optimistic in the face of adversity, his life evolved around his work,  and  later around his disciples. On many occasions, the work of his pupils presented in exhibitions, competed with his.
Several authors, some of them disciples of Cárdenes, emphasized his high sense of friendship, the goodness of his heart and his disconcerting cordiality. For example, Santiago Vargas, speaks of his vigor and vehemence, always smiling in spite of misfortune and misunderstanding. In the same way, Berlamiño, stands out his ingenuity and bohemian romanticism.

His art was original as he was himself, unmistakable, arrogant, grim, strong, expressive, vigorous and Cyclopean. The mountain, the rocks and the pyramid are his starting point, adjusting the forms to this short conception. He is, therefore, a giant sculptor in the style of Michelangelo. He does not add strange grafts of sculptures  to the Canary race or to the integrity of nature…
(Aurea; Estela)


Saturday, 18 February 2017

Grammar 5B Verbs of the Senses (ANSWER KEY)

Hello everyone. I am showing you the answers to exercises a, b and c on page 149


a.
 1 right
 2 right
3 I actually heard the bomb explode
4 It sounds like Beethoven 7th 
5 right
6 it feels more like plastic
right

b.
1 right       2 seems       3 seem        4 is looking      5 look

c.
 1 like      2 seems       3 shut/close/ slam    4 if/though    5 of       6 fishing     7 can't

Monday, 23 January 2017

Unit 3C -Keys and links




-Visit THIS LINK to do some further practice on I wish and If only...

- Visit THIS ONE to revise WOULD RATHER

Key to READING (HOMEWORK):
  • Text 1 (From Rags to Riches...)
                  1C   2B   3E   4D   5A   8F
  • Text 2  (Does Money make you happy?) 
  •      1C    2A    3F     4B       5E


Monday, 12 December 2016

FUNCTIONAL LANGUAGE: improve your oral interaction

Functional language is the part of speech that we use to perform various "functions" such as giving advice or apologizing.

 Functional language typically uses fixed expressions for each function–for example "if I were you" or "my suggestion is" in giving advice, and "it was my fault" or "please forgive me" in apologizing.


Try to learn a few new expressions to use in your oral interventions…Here are some:

GIVING ADVICE
·         (If I was/were) in that (that kind of) situation, I'd ...
·         Have you thought about ...?
·         If it was/were me, I'd ...
·         Make sure you (don't) ...
·         The sooner you ... the better.
·         Whatever you do, ...
·         Your only option is to ...
·         You have no choice but to ...
·         I'd like to pass on is to ...
·         A wise man once said ...
·         As the proverb says, ...
·         You should ..., no doubt about it.
·         It might be an old wives' tale, but ...

DISAGREEING STRONGLY

·         (I think) you are mistaken.
·         Are you honestly/seriously saying...?
·         Are you out of your mind?
·         Are you pulling my leg?
·         Does anyone (seriously) think that nowadays?
·         I can’t see any (possible) reason why...
·         I’m sure you’re (just) saying that to shock me.
·         I’ve never heard such rubbish/nonsense!
·         It has been proven that...
·         That can’t possibly be the case.
·         That is clearly/simply not true.
·         That’s clearly/simply not the case.
·         That’s not the case at all.
·         The (first) problem with that argument is...
·         The argument that... is not supported by...
·         There is no way...
·         You cannot be serious.
·         You claim that...but...
·         You’ve got to be kidding.
·         Frankly,…

AGREEING
·         (Okay,) you’ve convinced/persuaded me
·         I am/We are in complete agreement.
·         I can accept that.
·         I can’t add anything to that.
·         I can’t argue with that.
·         I didn’t know that. That changes everything.
·         I don’t doubt it./No doubt.
·         I don’t have any problems with that view./I don’t see why not.
·         I share that view.
·         I suppose you are right./I suppose so.
·         I’d never really thought about it that way.
·         I’ll go along with that.
·         It’s so nice to (finally) meet someone who thinks that way too.
·         Not only is that true,…
·         Now you explain it that way,…
·         Quite right.
·         That does seem to be the case.
·         That matches with my own experience.
·         That seems logical/to make sense.
·         That was the opposite of what I thought, but…
·         That’s (exactly/just) the point I was trying to make
·         The only thing I can add to that is…
·         You took the words right out of my mouth.
·         You’re not kidding!/No kidding!

DISAGREEING

·         (But) didn’t you say...?
·         (But) wouldn’t you say that...?
·         (That sounds good) in theory, but...
·         ... (but) in reality,...
·         Although it’s difficult to argue with that,...
·         I can see a hole in that argument.
·         I thought we’d (already) agreed...
·         I wish that was the case, but...
·         I’m more convinced by...
·         If everyone thought that way,...
·         If that were the case,...
·         My reply to that would be...
·         Not in my experience. ...
·         That all makes sense, apart from...
·         That is a common misconception.
·         That might well be the case, but...
·         That’s not the way I see it (at all).
·         The hole in that argument is...
·         The problem with that argument is...
·         There’s a lot of truth in that, but...
·         Well, you know more about this than me, but...
·         You haven’t convinced me.
·         You may think that, but...



ASKING FOR OPINIONS

·         What do you reckon?
·         Any (initial) thoughts on … ?
·         Are people right in thinking … ?
·         Are you in agreement with … ?
·         Do you have any particular views on … ?
·         Do you have any thoughts on … ?
·         From your point of view, … ?
·         I know this is not your specialist subject, but …
·         I know you haven’t had long to think about this …
·         I know you haven’t had much time to think about this, but …
·         I’d be (very) interested to hear your views on …
·         What are your (first) thoughts on … ?
·         What would be your reaction if I said … ?
·         What’s your position on … ?
·         Would it be right to say … ?
·         Would you support the view that … ?

GIVING OPINIONS

·         After much thought, …
·         After weighing up both sides of the argument, …
·         Although I can see both points of view / Although I can understand the opposite point of view, …
·         As I see it, .../ The way I see it…
·         Correct me if I’m wrong, but …
·         For me/ From my point of view, …
·         I am not very familiar with this topic, but …
·         I do believe/ feel/think …
·         I have come to the conclusion that …
·         I might change my mind later, but …
·         I reckon/suppose …
·         I tend to think that … }

GIVING OPINIONS
}      I’m not sure I’m the right person to ask, but / I have very limited experience of this, but …
·         I’m pretty confident that …
·         I’ve always thought that …
·         If you ask me, …
·         I'm (absolutely) convinced that …
·         In my humble opinion / IMHO, …
·         It could be said that …
·         It seems clear to me that …
·         It would seem to me that …
·         My initial reaction is …
·         Not everyone will/would agree with me, but …
·         Personally speaking / Speaking for myself, …
·         The way I see it (is) …
·         To be (perfectly) frank/ honest, …